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  • Designed for: Lawyers, Accountants and other Professionals

  • Accredited: (1.5 hours Professionalism by LSO)

  • Duration: 1.5 hours

  • Program Language: English

  • Program Fee: $199

About the Documentary Case Study
The general perception about AI is that it remains a scary and negative revolutionary force. However, the very roots of modern Western democracy and legal institutions go back to the history of law and revolution. This is why the film parallels the American Revolution with the revolutionary slogan “No Taxation without Representation” and the current artificial (AI) revolution. Can we be hopeful and expect positive change? or should white-collar professionals fear for their jobs, like blue-collared ones? Can we avoid the dark future of AI and robotic intelligence often portrayed in Hollywood films such as The Terminator franchise where the machines will take over humanity? Benjamin Alarie argues that technology and AI could be the path of legal singularity and could reinvent our legal and social order in a positive way.

Researched, developed and financed by:
VoirDire Fund for Innovation in Law and Media Inc. (VoirDire FILM)

Produced by:
UDocs Studio in association with Hot Docs for Continuing Professional Education
Garrick Apollon, Director

Film Concept researched and developed by:
Garrick Apollon, LLB, JD, LLM, LLCM
Fellow, Hot Docs for Continuing Professional Education

Subject Matter Experts


Armughan Ahmad
President and Canadian Managing Partner, Digital
KPMG in Canada

Armughan Ahmad is a technology executive with 20+ years of experience delivering digital and technology solutions globally by building diverse teams that digitally engineer business functions and deliver client outcomes across all industry segments with next generation technology solutions.
Armughan is a passionate driver of digital economy and a dot-connector transforming industries by bringing together a complete ecosystem of government policies, start-ups, technology alliances, and academic next generation talent to commercialize offers that advance human and machine collaboration in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
Armughan has delivered award winning innovative Multi-cloud, Data, Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Mobility and Security solutions aligned to clients’ front, middle and back office business functions across North American, European and Asian markets.
He has worked at and collaborated with $10M start-ups to large $100bn corporations always with a vision to help clients deliver new and improved customer experiences across finance, manufacturing, retail, telecom, energy, public sector and SME industry verticals.
Prior to joining KPMG Armughan served as the Global Senior Vice President & General Manager at Dell EMC leading their solutions, cloud and alliances business. He previously held executive positions at Hewlett Packard and 3Com building world class teams that are powering the Fortune 500 and commercial industries.
 Armughan serves on the advisory board for the Future Skills Center and Queens University’s AI and Analytics board. He is a passionate promoter of girls’ STEAM education, mental health awareness and homelessness resettlement programs.



Benjamin Alarie
Lawyer, Professor & Osler Chair in Business Law, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, Co-founder and CEO of Blue J. Legal

Benjamin Alarie is the CEO of Blue J Legal and is a full professor at the University of Toronto where he also holds the Osler Chair in Business Law. Professor Alarie researches and teaches in taxation law and judicial decision-making and was awarded the Alan Mewett QC Prize for excellence in teaching by the law school’s graduating class of 2009. Before joining the Faculty of Law as a full-time professor in 2004, Professor Alarie completed graduate work in law at the Yale Law School and was a law clerk for Madam Justice Louise Arbour at the Supreme Court of Canada. He has dozens of academic publications, and his research has been funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, the Canadian Foundation for Innovation, and the Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation. He is a coauthor of several editions of a leading legal text on tax law, Canadian Income Tax Law, including the most recent 6th Edition (LexisNexis, 2018).




The Honourable Louise Arbour, C.C., G.O.Q.
The Honourable Louise Arbour is a jurist in residence at Borden Ladner Gervais LLP. In this capacity, she provides strategic advice on litigation, governance and international issues, in particular on issues pertaining to international disputes, and mentors younger lawyers.
Madam Arbour currently sits as an ad hoc judge in the International Court of Justice and as a member of the Advisory Panel to the Minister of Defence on Canada’s Defence Policy Review. She formerly sat as a justice of the Supreme Court of Canada from 1999 to 2004, on the Court of Appeal for Ontario and the Supreme Court of Ontario. She has held senior positions at the United Nations, including that of High Commissioner for Human Rights, and is a member of the Global Commission on Drug Policy and of the International Commission Against the Death Penalty. Madam Arbour is also a member of the Advisory Board of The Coalition for the International Criminal Court. She chaired an inquiry commission that investigated certain events at the Prison for Women in Kingston, Ontario, and has also served as a member of the Global Commission on Elections, Democracy and Security.
 Madam Arbour has received numerous honorary doctorates and awards. Most noteworthy, she has been a Companion of the Order of Canada since 2007 and a Grand Officer of the Ordre national du Québec since 2009, as well as a Commander of the Légion d’honneur, and has been decorated by Spain, Colombia and Belgium.



Avi Brudner
COO of Blue J. Legal


B.A. (McGill), J.D. (Yale). Avi Brudner is the COO of Blue J Legal. Before joining Blue J Legal, Avi was an attorney at Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP where he advised hedge fund and private equity fund managers in all stages of the fund lifecycle. More recently, Avi worked as a management consultant at McKinsey & Company, where he designed and implemented transformation and product development strategies for financial services and technology companies in the Fortune 500. While at Yale Law School, Avi was an editor of the Yale Law Journal and Yale Law and Policy Review.



Gideon Christian 
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Calgary

Gideon Christian is an Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Calgary. He obtained his law degree (LL.B) from the University of Lagos in Nigeria, an LL.M (with specialization in Law and Technology) and a PhD from the University of Ottawa. During his doctoral studies, Gideon was a SSHRC - Joseph Armand Bombardier Canada Doctoral Scholar.

Prior to joining the Faculty of Law at the University of Calgary in August 2019, Gideon worked part-time as an adjunct professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa, and full time as Legal Counsel with the National Litigation Sector at the federal Department of Justice where he conducted electronic discovery in high-profile litigation involving the Government of Canada.




Edward Iacobucci
Dean Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

 Edward M. Iacobucci, B.A. (Hons.) (Queen’s) 1991; M.Phil. (Oxon.) 1993 (Rhodes Scholar, Ontario); LL.B. (Toronto) 1996, was appointed Dean and James M. Tory Professor of Law on January 1, 2015. Prior to this appointment he was Osler Chair in Business Law and Professor of Law at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, and Associate Dean, Research. He started at the Faculty of Law in 1998. He was Visiting Professor at New York University Law School in 2007, Visiting Professor at University of Chicago Law School in 2003 and a John M. Olin Visiting Fellow at Columbia University Law School in 2002. Prior to joining the Faculty of Law, he was the John M. Olin Visiting Lecturer at the University of Virginia in 1997-98 and served as Law Clerk at the Supreme Court of Canada for Mr. Justice John Sopinka in 1996-97. He won a teaching prize at the Faculty of Law in 2000 and was a joint winner with his co-authors of the 2002-3 Doug Purvis Prize in Canadian Economics for The Law and Economics of Canadian Competition Policy. His areas of interest include corporate law, competition law, and law and economics more generally.




Brett Janssen
Co-Founder and CTO of Blue J. Legal

B.C.S. (Melbourne). Brett Janssen is a co-founder and the CTO of Blue J Legal. Before relocating to Canada in 2015 from Melbourne, Australia, Brett worked at IBM in roles of increasing seniority on enterprise software development projects. He has over 15 years of experience in all stages of the software development cycle, including proposal work, requirements analysis and elicitation, architectural design, technical consulting, design and documentation of critical components, architectural support of development, test and deployment. In recent years he has worked as an enterprise solution architect, delivering several complex, large scale enterprise solutions for clients including Telstra, ANZ Bank, Westpac Bank, and government organizations.




Anthony Niblett
Professor & Canada Research Chair in Law, Economics & Innovation, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, and Co-founder of Blue J. Legal

B.Com (Melbourne), LL.B. (Melbourne), Ph.D. (Harvard), Co-Founder, Blue J Legal, UofT Law professor.
 Anthony Niblett is a co-founder of Blue J Legal and holds the Canada Research Chair in Law, Economics & Innovation at the Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto. Professor Niblett conducts research on big data, law and economics, contract law, and judicial behaviour. His research has appeared in many leading academic journals, including the International Review of Law & Economics, the Journal of Legal Studies, and the European Journal of Law and Economics. His research has been funded by the Connaught Fund and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. Before joining the University of Toronto in 2011, Professor Niblett was a Bigelow Fellow and Lecturer-in-Law at the University of Chicago Law School.




The Honourable Marshall Rothstein, C.C., Q.C.
The Honourable Marshall Rothstein, C.C., Q.C., is a partner at Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt LLP, based in their Vancouver office who provides valuable expertise and counsel firm-wide.
One of Canada’s most esteemed jurists, he served as Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada from 2006 until his retirement in 2015, and he has over 50 years of judicial and legal experience.
Marshall’s work has shaped the Canadian business law landscape, having authored more than 100 judgments and arbitral decisions on domestic and cross-border cases of commercial significance and complexity. He brings a unique perspective to the firm, and his broad-ranging practice focuses on a wide variety of dispute resolution matters, including M&A, tax, competition, intellectual property and issues in the transportation and energy sectors.
A Winnipeg native, Marshall attended the University of Manitoba (B. Comm., LL.B.) and was called to the Manitoba Bar in 1966 before becoming a civil litigator in private practice. He was appointed Queen’s Counsel in 1979. For nearly three decades, he solidified his reputation as one of the country’s leading counsel in numerous high-profile cases.
Marshall was appointed to the Trial Division of the Federal Court of Canada in 1992, was elevated to the Federal Court of Appeal in 1999 and appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada in 2006.
 Marshall was appointed a Companion of the Order of Canada in 2017, one of Canada’s highest civilian honours, which recognizes outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation.




Albert Yoon
Professor & Canada Research Chair in Law and Economics, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, and Co-founder of Blue J. Legal

B.A. (Yale), J.D. (Stanford), Ph.D. (Stanford), Co-Founder, Blue J Legal, UofT Law professor Albert Yoon is a co-founder of Blue J Legal and holds the Chair in Law & Economics at the Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto. Before joining the law school at the University of Toronto, Professor Yoon was Professor of Law at Northwestern University. Professor Yoon’s research examines the law along many dimensions using big data. Upon graduation from Stanford Law School, Professor Yoon clerked for the Hon. R. Guy Cole of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. Professor Yoon’s research appeared in many leading academic journals including the Journal of Law & Economics, and the Chicago, Stanford, and Virginia law reviews.


Additional Film participants:
George Evans, Technology & Innovation Lawyer at Torys LLP 
 Former Director of Client Enablement, Lawyer at Blue J Legal
Michelle Kwong, VP Marketing, Blue J Legal
Leigh Solomon, VP Sales and Client Enablement, Blue J Legal

Special thanks to:
Students & Staff of 
Law in Action Within Schools (LAWS) Program — collaborative program of University of Toronto Faculty of Law and Osgoode Hall Law School at York University


A SUPER Special Thanks with A HUGE Shout-Out to the entire Blue J Legal Team: Your enthusiasm and company culture is truly remarkable. 

You were all instrumental in the making of this film!